Heku – Magical Crystals, Gemstones and Minerals of the Ancient Egyptians

The Ancient Egyptians mined gemstones and minerals over seven thousand years ago. They believed certain crystals and gems could magically increase vitality and prosperity as well as prevent health problems and boost psychic potential. Three gemstones in particular were a powerful triad for prosperity and protection. These were Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise and Carnelian.

Lapis Lazuli was associated with Isis and considered one of the most powerful stones used by Ancient Egyptians. The stone’s deep blue color reflected the color of the heavens and was associated with holiness, creation, and resurrection. Lotus flowers in Egyptian artwork were often made out of Lapis. The magical healing properties of Lapis Lazuli included helping with stress and anxiety as well as reducing insomnia and ending nightmares. It was believed that wearing a Lapis pendant on a could ease a sore throat, balance the thyroid and facilitate open communication. A piece of Lapis Lazuli may be offered to a teacher by a student upon initiation into a temple or priesthood. The Ancient Egyptians had a practice of burying a Lapis Lazuli scarab with their dead, believing it provided a means of protection.

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Lapis Lazuli Pendulum

Turquoise is connected with the goddess Hathor, ruler of fertility, motherhood and music. This stone was first found in Egypt over 7,000 years ago. This stone was prized for its bright blue-green color which resembles the color of the sea. The sea represented  happiness and cleanliness, so this gemstone stood for the same meanings. Turquoise was so prized that the Egyptians called Hathor the ‘The Mistress of Turquoise.’

Turquoise has a soothing energy that helps enhance wisdom and empathy.  It may calm inner chaos and bring harmony to one who wears it.

Turquoise Jewelry

Carnelian was revered by the Ancient Egyptians as a stone of redemption and strength. It was associated with symbols of power and protection in Ancient Egyptian culture including the right eye of Horus, the setting sun and Ra, as well as Isis. The Carnelian amulet called the Tyet, also known as the Isis Knot, bestowed protection upon the dead. The Ancient Egyptians believed Carnelian had mystical healing properties to purify blood, treat sickness, and also relieve pain in the back and pelvic area.

Tyet – Knot of Isis

The Ancient Egyptians also prized gold, amethyst, malachite, red jasper, serpentine, topaz, and copper.

It was believed that Gold was the life force of the Sun god Ra, and that all of the gods had Golden skin. Gold was worn by Pharaohs to signify prosperity, revitalize the body and ensure a peaceful afterlife.

Mask of Tutankhamun

Amethyst was loved by the Egyptians because of its purple hue. Purple and blue represented royalty to the Ancient Egyptians. That custom carried on to ancient Rome and many people are not aware that royal purple had Egyptian roots.

Malachite with its green color was associated with fertility and the harvest. Malachite was very popular in Ancient Egypt and it was associated with wisdom and was worn by pharaohs to promote prophetic vision. Green was also believed to be a protective color, so the Eye of Horus was sometimes made using malachite.

Red jasper was used for necklaces and placed on mummies. It symbolized blood and fire, and was thought to assist with safe passage into the afterlife. It was also used as a treatment for infertility.

Serpentine was used for amulets and made into protective scarabs which were placed on the heart of  mummies. In the Book of the Dead, the heart of the deceased is weighed against a feather by the goddess Maat to determine whether that individual deserved to enjoy an afterlife.


Topaz was associated with Ra, the sun god, because of its golden color. It was also thought to protect the wearer from evil spirits and to prevent night terrors and other sleep disturbances.

Copper was the first metal used by Ancient Egyptians. It was mined thousands of years ago and eventually mixed with tin to create bronze. The Ancient Egyptians recognized copper for its healing powers both internally and externally.  If a person had an injury such as a deep wound, a priest-healer would administer a magic spell and a truly effective antibacterial ointment made from honey and copper salts. Copper’s anti-microbial properties have been used since ancient times  to promote wellness, channel energy, fight disease and infection.

Wearing these various magical stones, crystals and minerals – in addition to being beautiful and attractive – could be considered a non-invasive and gentle healing practice.