Sekhmet-Bast-Re, Mother of the Gods

The Ancient Egyptians were very fond of cats, as I have shared in several posts. The worship of cats began with Sekhmet, over 5000 years ago, the fierce Goddess of war and the destroyer of the enemies of the sun god Re. She was believed to be the Mother of Gods and a creator goddess … Continue reading Sekhmet-Bast-Re, Mother of the Gods

Bastet, the Goddess of Protection

The Goddess Bastet was originally depicted as a savage lioness warrior goddess (circa 3000 BCE) who had the role of protecting the Pharaohs. After 1000 BCE, the Egyptians altered her image to the body of a woman and the head of a cat. Along with her change in appearance, she was also transformed into a … Continue reading Bastet, the Goddess of Protection

Ancient Egyptian Hymns, Poetry and the Songs of the Harpers

The distinction between songs, hymns and poetry in Ancient Egyptian temples, tombs, and papyrus texts is not always clear. The term "song" is used for the writings which are depicted with musical instruments and if the songs are seen to have a clear connection with temples and festivals then they are usually described as hymns. … Continue reading Ancient Egyptian Hymns, Poetry and the Songs of the Harpers

The Shabaka Stone and Ptah the Divine

Egypt had been ravaged by foreign rulers for a period of 400 years after the end of the New Kingdom. A renewal of ancient Egyptian culture, philosophy and theology were desperately needed. The Pharaohs of the 25th Dynasty were Nubians and even though the Nubians had followed the Ancient Egyptian religion for 2000 years, they … Continue reading The Shabaka Stone and Ptah the Divine

Amun-Ra and the Nubian Dynasty

The New Kingdom/Egyptian Empire, occurred between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BCE, and covered the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties of Egypt. This was the period of time in which Seti I and Ramesses II, and their descendants, ruled and expanded Egypt. It is often considered Egypt's most prosperous time and the … Continue reading Amun-Ra and the Nubian Dynasty

Two Hymns to the Goddess Aset (Isis) in Her Temple at Philae

The islands of Bigeh and Philae, located in the First Cataract of the Nile River, were sacred sites to the ancient Egyptians. After the construction of the Aswan High Dam the actual islands were submerged by Lake Nasser. Fortunately the entire temple complex of Philae was relocated and the Hymns to Isis can still be … Continue reading Two Hymns to the Goddess Aset (Isis) in Her Temple at Philae

The Seven Principles of Ma’at

The Goddess Maʽat is the embodiment of the Ancient Egyptian Seven Principles of Ma'at which are Truth, Balance, Order, Harmony, Righteousness, Morality, and Justice. It was expected that the priests, Pharaohs and their families embody these principles, along with every member of the community.  Life was to be lived in such a way that these … Continue reading The Seven Principles of Ma’at

Goddess Mafdet, the Great Feline Guardian

From the beginning of the First Dynasty of Egypt (circa 3200 BCE) the great cheetah goddess Mafdet was worshiped. She was known as “the runner” representing swift death. As the "Avenger of the King" Mafdet was believed to rip out the hearts of evildoers and lay the hearts at the Pharaoh’s feet in the same … Continue reading Goddess Mafdet, the Great Feline Guardian

Hymn to the Mother Goddess Mut

Mut is the Ancient Egyptian mother goddess who came to prominence during the New Kingdom (circa 1500 BCE). She originated as a local goddess in the Nile River delta and was linked to the primeval waters of the universe from which all things were born; Mut was therefore considered a creator goddess and mother of … Continue reading Hymn to the Mother Goddess Mut

The Snake Goddess Renenutet

Renenutet (Renenet, Ernutet) was a cobra Goddess known as the "Nourishing Snake" and was the embodiment of nourishment and the harvest. Renenutet was depicted as a cobra, or as a woman with the head of a cobra and was also called the "Lady of Fertile Fields" and "Lady of Granaries." She was thought to be … Continue reading The Snake Goddess Renenutet